Vision Infographic - HMIA003030

Eye Health in America

Let’s take a look at some other facts about the state of eye health among Americans.

Vision impairment and blindness1

  • Nearly 4.2 million people over age 40 have a visual impairment.
  • Among those 40 and older, more than 2.9 million have low vision and 1.3 million are legally blind.

Prevalence and treatment of refractive errors1

  • 1 in 3 people have astigmatism.
  • About 14.2 million people over age 40 have hyperopia (farsightedness).
  • Over 150 million Americans wear eyeglasses and 37 million wear contact lenses to treat refractive errors.

Prevalence of eye diseases1

  • More than 2.7 million people age 40 and up have glaucoma.
  • Almost 7.7 million adults over 40 have diabetic retinopathy.
  • Half of all Americans will have cataracts by age 75.
  • By age 80, 1 in 10 people will have late age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which affects women more.

Vision problems and eye disease expected to increase2

  • More than 38 million Americans over age 40 currently have low vision, an age-related eye disease, or are blind—this is expected to increase to 50 million by 2020.
  • By 2020, an estimated 3.9 million adults over 40 will have low vision.
  • Glaucoma in the over 40 group is expected to be 3.36 million by 2020.
  • The number of people with AMD was 9.1 million in 2010 and is expected to reach 17.8 million by 2050.
  • Between 2005 and 2050, the rate of diabetic retinopathy is likely to triple from 5.5 million to 16 million for those over age 40, and it is likely to quadruple from 2.5 million to 9.9 million for those over age 65.

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References

<sup>1</sup> Eye Health Statistics, American Academy of Ophthalmology | <sup>2</sup> The Silver Book: Vision Loss Volume II

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