September is National Preparedness Month, and in the words of Stephen King, “There’s no harm in hoping for the best as long as you’re prepared for the worst.” If there’s anything the 2000s have taught us, it’s that we should expect the unexpected. From unprecedented weather and industrial pollution disasters to domestic terrorism, there’s certainly no better time to equip your family and community with the know-how to survive, render aid, and help prevent the next emergency situation.

In light of 9/11—and for the peak of the Atlantic hurricane season—the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) established National Preparedness Month in 2004. The awareness month was set for September to encourage and enable citizens to be useful, trained responders in the event of natural and man-made disasters.

Plan Ahead

You can’t determine when, or how, disaster will strike. But you can be ready.  Download HealthMarkets’ “Natural Disaster Readiness Checklist.”

Preparedness Checklist

  • Food and water to sustain your household for at least 72 hours (rule of thumb: 1 gallon of water per person)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio
  • Candles and flashlight(s) with extra batteries in the size the flashlight requires
  • First aid kit, along with sunblock, feminine hygiene supplies, and prescriptions or other medications required by household members
  • Toiletry kit of necessities, such as deodorant, toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, toilet paper, etc.
  • Glasses, if household members wear them (maybe stash away an old pair)
  • Whistle (or other signaling device)
  • Dust mask
  • Tarp or plastic sheeting
  • Duct tape
  • Pre-moistened cleansing towelettes
  • Garbage bags
  • Pocket knife or multitool
  • Manual can opener (not electric), if a can opener isn’t included on your multitool
  • Maps of your area and a compass or GPS with required batteries
  • Cell phone, backup battery, and charger
  • Cash or traveler’s checks and change for air machines, vending machines, etc.
  • Chlorine bleach and an eyedropper (Use to make cleaning liquid or treat water to make it safe for drinking.)
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Matches, lighter, or other fire-starting materials with a waterproof storage container
  • Simple mess kit or disposable plates, cups, and silverware
  • Notebook and writing instrument
  • Wrench or pliers (in case you need to turn off utilities)
  • Blankets, sleeping bags, or other bedding

Each year, FEMA’s Ready campaign joins forces with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Citizen Corps, and other government agencies and private organizations tasked with emergency planning and management to help prepare for, prevent, respond to, and recover from disaster. The Ready campaign can be implemented in three basic parts: plan, learn, and practice.

Plan

Discuss Possible Hazards

As the first step to safety planning, mentally prepare for possible emergencies by having calm and candid conversations with your family. Best judgment must be used when discussing these situations with young children. However, allowing the whole family to plan and implement will increase the likelihood of their success. In the long run, arming children with honesty and knowledge will do more good than avoiding awkward conversations.

Before starting the discussion, research your surroundings, and know which hazards are most likely to occur in your area. Good places to begin are city or state government websites. But remember, preparedness isn’t just about natural disasters any more. Today, Ready.gov informs families about the potential for other emergency situations as well.

Household Accidents:

  • Fires
  • Poisonous chemical or natural gas leaks
  • Medical emergencies

Severe Weather:

  • Extreme heat, drought, wildfires
  • Extreme cold, snowstorms
  • Earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, mudslides
  • Tornadoes, severe storms, lightning
  • Floods, hurricanes, tsunamis

Environmental:

  • Power outages
  • Water contamination
  • Hazardous-material pollution
  • Chemical or radiation exposure
  • Infectious disease outbreak

Man-Made Dangers:

  • Cybersecurity, identity theft, or data loss
  • Active shooter or home invasion
  • Foreign weapons attack

Create a Plan

The next step is developing plans for the events that seem most likely to occur in your area. Don’t forget to carefully consider the specific needs of your family. Ready.gov recommends that families draft and share an emergency plan of instructions for communication, shelter, and evacuation.

Communication:

  • Download and register for local emergency alerts and warnings in your area.
  • Be aware of weather information sources, such as Weather-Ready Nation.
  • Download a group texting app so your entire family can stay in constant contact.

Shelter Supplies:

Evacuation:

Learn

After developing an immediate plan to protect yourself and your family, learn what more you can do to aid family, friends, and neighbors—especially single adults, those with small children, and the elderly or disabled—until help arrives. In an emergency, loved ones and strangers are often our first responders, but many of us would feel powerless until professional help arrived. Boost your own confidence—and those who depend on you—by seeking opportunities for training in preparedness and basic medical skills.

Preparedness Training:

Medical Training:

The Guardian reported that “approximately 140,000 people every year die in situations where their lives could have been saved if somebody had known first aid … however, fewer than one in five of us knows even basic first aid.” While learning to provide emergency medical care is a personal choice, it really does save lives. Citizens who attempt to perform CPR and other life-saving measures are protected in all states by the Good Samaritan Law, so one should never hesitate to act.

Be prepared to render basic medical aid by finding training opportunities, such as FEMA’s online Until Help Arrives materials. Expand on this information by taking courses in first aid, Basic Life Support (BLS), CPR, and use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). Consider additional training if your family has small children or special medical needs. Contact your pediatrician or healthcare provider to learn what you can do. Share this information with older siblings or other caregivers for your family, in case primary guardians aren’t available.

Search your community for training opportunities, and ensure the instructors are well-credentialed. Those associated with or recommended by professional organizations, such as the American Medical Association (AMA), the American Heart Association (AHA), or the American Red Cross (ARC) are suggested. Contact health staff at these community locations for information or referrals on the following training courses and workshops in your area.

  • Your employer
  • Preschools, public schools, colleges, or universities
  • Emergency clinics or hospitals
  • Public libraries, recreation centers, YMCAs
  • Online materials from the AHA, AMA, or ARC websites

Practice

Planning and training yourself is all well and good. But if you and your community don’t regularly practice together and share the information, your well-developed plans may become woefully ineffective.

  • Practice emergency drills at home, at school, at work, at church, and at community centers. According to FEMA, “almost half of Americans expect to rely on their neighbors a great deal after a disaster,” so practice together to maximize the effectiveness of your planning efforts.
  • National PrepareAthon! Day is September 15. Hold an event for your community by reviewing these planning guides for 10 ways to participate.
  • Share preparedness information on social media. Ready.gov is using the #NatlPrep, #PlanAhead, and #PrepareAthon hashtags to share updates on Twitter.
  • Keep your skills fresh by volunteering with organizations such as the Citizen Corps. Volunteering also makes for good community service opportunities for young people or those considering a career in emergency planning, healthcare, or urban development.

The theme for this year’s National Preparedness Month is “Disasters Don’t Plan Ahead. You Can.” When we hear about disaster striking somewhere else in the world, it’s easy to think, “It won’t happen to me.” But it’s possible that at some point in our lives, each of us will experience an unexpected emergency, and in that moment, all that will matter is how we react when the unexpected does happen.

 

References

http://www.fema.gov/national-flood-insurance-program
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/
http://www.redcross.org/
http://www.weather.gov/wrn/
https://community.fema.gov/action/plan-with-neighbors
https://community.fema.gov/until-help-arrives
https://www.ama-assn.org/
https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/psa/preparedness-tip-shut-off.html
https://www.cprcertified.com/blog/whats-in-those-good-samaritan-laws-exactly
https://www.dhs.gov/campus-resilience
https://www.fema.gov/faith-resources
https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/105420
https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/32015
https://www.goodreads.com/quotes/175718-there-s-no-harm-in-hoping-for-the-best-as-long
https://www.learnvest.com/2016/04/3-6-9-rule-of-emergency-savings
http://www.noaa.gov/stories/peak-of-hurricane-season-why-now
https://www.ready.gov/alerts
https://www.ready.gov/be-informed
https://www.ready.gov/build-a-kit
https://www.ready.gov/business
https://www.ready.gov/campus
https://www.ready.gov/citizen-corps
https://www.ready.gov/community-emergency-response-team
https://www.ready.gov/financial-preparedness
https://www.ready.gov/kids/parents
https://www.ready.gov/make-a-plan
https://www.ready.gov/september
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2012/sep/17/first-aid-deaths-tv-campaign
https://www.weather.gov/bmx/outreach_npm

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