You may have heard that many people who buy health insurance on the federal exchange receive premium subsidies that reduce the cost of their policies. But who benefits? And how is this tax credit amount determined? It’s all based on the federal poverty level (FPL).
In 2016, almost 85 percent of people who bought an Obamacare health policy received a premium tax credit. Each year, the FPL is issued by Health and Human Services (HHS) to determine eligibility for certain programs, including Obamacare coverage. You’re eligible for a premium reduction if your income falls between 100 percent and 400 percent of the FPL.
Since most people don’t know what the FPL is, this can be a bit confusing. Also, this benchmark is adjusted annually, making it hard to keep up.
So how do you know if you qualify for a premium subsidy on your Obamacare policy? We’ll make it easy.
The chart below gives the qualifying income ranges for 2018 policies for the 48 contiguous U.S. states and the District of Columbia. The income ranges for Alaska and Hawaii can be found on the HHS website.
Do You Qualify for an Obamacare Health Insurance Premium Subsidy?
|Household Size||Minimum Income – |
100% Federal Poverty Level
|Maximum Income – |
400% Federal Poverty Level
|Family of 2||$16,240||$64,960|
|Family of 3||$20,420||$81,680|
|Family of 4||$24,600||$98,400|
|Family of 5||$28,780||$115,120|
|Family of 6||$32,960||$131,840|
|Family of 7||$37,140||$148,560|
|Family of 8||$41,320||$165,280|
For families/households with more than eight people, add $4,180 for each additional person.